Name root – Calypte, from the Greek word kaluptre meaning “veil or headdress”; anna in honor of Anna de Belle Massena, dutchess of Rivoli, France by Rene Lesson.
Distribution – Breeds from southwestern British Columbia, western Washington and Oregon, through California south to northern Baja California and east to central Arizona. In winter expands its range to the east and southeast to northern Mexico, southern New Mexico and western Texas. In winter can wander east to the central Gulf Coast of the U. S., with extralimital records at several locations in Canada and the U. S.
Texas – Fall migrant and winter resident in the Trans-Pecos region and points east to the Upper Texas Coast where rare. Can be quite common in west Texas at times. Birds normally arrive in mid-September and leave by the end of January due to the fact that it is an early nesting species within its described breeding range. However, there are three nesting records for Texas, all in the Trans-Pecos region. Two are from El Paso but the first was in Jeff Davis County in April of 1976. First Texas record; 23 October 1936 in the Chisos Basin of the Chisos Mountains, Brewster County by A. E. Borell.
Habitat – Open woodlands, urban areas, gardens and chaparral.