Black-chinned Hummingbird

Archilochus alexandri

Name root – Archilochus (a Greek lyric poet), arch meaning “chief” and lochos meaning “a body of people”; alexandri after Dr. M. M. Alexandre, a French medical doctor who collected the first known Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Sierra Madre of western Mexico.

Distribution – Breeds from south-central British Columbia, eastern Washington, central Idaho, western Montana and southwestern Wyoming south to northern Baja California, northern Sonora, northern Chihuahua and northern Coahuila east to west and south Texas, north through the Hill Country of Texas to southwestern Oklahoma and southeastern Colorado.  Winters primarily along the Pacific slope of Mexico from southern Sonora south to Morelos.  A few individuals now winter at various locations along the central Gulf Coast of the U. S.

Texas – Uncommon to abundant summer resident (mid-March to early October) throughout the western two-thirds of the state.  In winter this species is rare along the central and upper Texas coast.  Accidental elsewhere.  First Texas record; obtained in the 19th century, date and location unknown.

Habitat – Desert-scrub and arroyos, open woodlands and riparian zones, especially oak or cottonwood-willow woodlands.

Adult male Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains, 10 August 2009

Black-chinned Hummingbird

Immature male Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains, 17 July 2009

Immature male Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains, 20 August 2009

Adult male Black-chinned Hummingbird sunning in El Paso, Texas, 6 September 2009

Adult male Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on June 11, 2010

Adult male Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on June 11, 2010

Adult male Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on June 11, 2010

Adult female Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on June 11, 2010

Adult female Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on June 11, 2010

Adult female Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on June 11, 2010

Adult male Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on June 11, 2010

Adult male Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on June 11, 2010

Adult female Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on August 31, 2010

Adult female Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on August 4, 2010

Immature female Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains on September 21, 2010.

Adult female Black-chinned Hummingbird sunning. From September 21, 2010 in the Christmas Mountains.

Female Black-chinned Hummingbird feeding young in the nest on May 1, 2009. From Carolyn's CMO (Maryann Eastman).

Older nestlings on a nest on May 30, 2009 (Maryann Eastman).

HY M Black-chinned Hummingbird feeding in the Davis Mountains on August 23, 2009 (Maryann Eastman).

Adult male Black-chinned Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains on August 24, 2009 (Maryann Eastman).