Broad-billed Hummingbird

Cynanthus latirostris

Name root – Cynathus, cyn (kyon) meaning “dog” and anthus meaning “flower” likely from the bird “hounding” flowers; lati (latus) meaning “wide” and rostris meaning “beak”.

Distribution- Breeds from SE Arizona, SW New Mexico and western Sonora, southeast to Tamaulipas south to the Mexican states of Veracruz, Hidalgo and Puebla.  On the southern end of the range, resident birds can be found on the Pacific Coast in southern Guerrero, east to southern Oaxaca and western Chiapas.  In winter, most birds retreat from northern portions of the range.

Texas- Rare visitor to many locations in the southern half of the State; however, records are increasing in west Texas where over half the records for Texas exist.  Reportedly bred along the Rio Gande near Castolon in 1934, Alpine and Boquillas in 1940 and Hot Springs in 1941.  Although there are no contemporaneous nesting records recent obsevations of multiple males, females and juvenile birds in the Davis Mountains point to nesting.  Very rare in winter in El Paso.  First Texas record; 17 May 1934, on the Johnson Ranch 8 miles southwest of Castolon, Brewster County by R. W. Quillin.

Habitat - Primarily tropical deciduous forests.

Male Broad-billed Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains on October 6, 2010 (Maryann Eastman).

Adult male Broad-billed Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains on November 3, 2008 (Maryann Eastman).

Male Broad-billed Hummingbird starting his fall molt on August 25, 2008 (Maryann Eastman).

Male Broad-billed Hummingbird in heavy molt on August 14, 2009 (Maryann Eastman).

Adult male Broad-billed Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains on April 18, 2009 (Maryann Eastman).

The same male on April 19, 2009 (Maryann Eastman).

Adult female Broad-billed Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains on May 22, 2007 (Maryann Eastman).

Adult female Broad-billed Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains (Maryann Eastman).

Juvenile male Broad-billed Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains on September 1, 2008 (Maryann Eastman).

Another view of the above juvenile male from 2008 (Maryann Eastman).

A subadult male Broad-billed Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains on July 28, 2007 (Maryann Eastman).

Just fledged juvenile male Broad-billed Hummingbird banded on June 10, 2010 (Kelly Bryan)

Just fledged juvenile female Broad-billed Hummingbird on June 10, 2010 (Kelly Bryan)

Juvenile female Broad-billed Hummingbird (same as above) on June 21, 2010 (Maryann Eastman)

Another view of this juvenile Broad-billed from the summer of 2010 (Maryann Eastman).

Adult male Broad-billed Hummingbird in Fort Davis, 3 March 1993

Another shot of the male Broad-billed Hummingbird in Fort Davis, 3 March 1993

Adult male Broad-billed Hummingbird in Fort Davis, 2 July 2008

Adult female Broad-billed Hummingbird in Fort Davis, 2 July 2008

Adult male Broad-billed Hummingbird in Fort Davis, this bird was present in my yard in the spring and early summer 5 out of 6 years from 1999 through 2004