Name root – Eugenes meaning “well born” or “attractive in appearance”; fulgens meaning “glittering”.
Distribution – Breeds from southern Colorado, south through portions of Arizona, New Mexico and western Texas, through the highlands of central Mexico south to Guatemala, western El Salvador, Honduras and north-central Nicaragua. Winters from southern Sonora and Chihuahua south through the remaining portions of the breeding range. Resident from the mountains of central Costa Rica through western Panama.
Texas – Conspicuously most abundant in the Davis Mountains where it breeds annually. Rare in both the Chisos and Guadalupe mountains. Spring birds can arrive in early March and linger through mid-November in fall. One winter record for the State, obtained 10 December 2009 in the heart of the Davis Mountains. First Texas record; 2 July 1932 in Boot Canyon of the Chisos Mountains by C. H. Mueller.
Habitat – Pine-oak forests.