Rufous Hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus

Name root – Selaphorus, selas meaning “light” and phorus meaning “carrying”; rufus meaning “reddish”.

Distribution – Breeds from southern Alaska and western Canada south through the northern Rocky Mountains and other ranges to northwestern California, eastern Oregon, central Idaho and western Wyoming.  Winters primarily in central Mexico from Sinaloa and Chihuahua south to Oaxaca, and from western Texas east to the coastal plains of the Gulf Coast states.  Increasing in occurrence in winter in eastern portions of the U. S.  In migration, hugs the west coast when northbound in spring but broadens out during fall migration throughout much of the western one-third of the U. S.

Texas – Very rare spring migrant but common to abundant fall migrant (July to October) especially in the Trans-Pecos region.  Winters from western Texas east to the coastal plains.  First Texas record; 19 January 1892 in Brownsville, Cameron County by F. B. Armstrong.

Habitat – Evergreen forest edge and associated meadows.

Immature female Rufous Hummingbird at Cloudcroft, New Mexico, 18 August 2009

Adult male Rufous Hummingbird in Cloudcroft, NM, 18 August 2009

Immature male Rufous Hummingbird in Fort Davis, 7 August 2009

Adult male Rufous Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains, 26 August 2007

Adult male Rufous Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains, 26 August 2007

Immature male Rufous Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains, 26 August 2009

Immature female Rufous Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains, 28 August 2007

Adult female Rufous Hummingbird in the Christmas Mts., 26 August 2009 (note the differences in the left and right tail feathers)

Adult male Rufous Hummingbird at Davis Mountains State Park, 1 August 1993

Immature male Rufous Hummingbird in the Christmas Mountains, 20 August 2008

Immature male Rufous Hummingbird at Cloudcroft, New Mexico on September 6, 2010.

What is likely the same individual on September 7, 2010.

An immature male Rufous Hummingbird feeding on Salvia in the Davis Mountains on August 23, 2009 (Maryann Eastman)

Adult male Rufous Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains on August 8, 2009 (Maryann Eastman)

Adult male Rufous Hummingbird in the Davis Mountains on August 16, 2009 (Maryann Eastman)

Turn and pose (Maryann Eastman)

Another view of the above bird (Maryann Eastman)

Likely the same adult male Rufous Hummingbird on August 16, 2009 (Maryann Eastman)

Another adult male Rufous Hummingbird at the Eastman's on August 23, 2009 (Maryann Eastman)